People with diabetes are not more likely to get COVID-19 than the general population. The COVID-19 infection is a double challenge for people with diabetes. Diabetes has been reported to be a risk factor for the severity of the disease and at the same time patients have to control glucose in a situation with a decreased and more variable food intake.
Diabetes as a risk factor
Diabetes is a risk factor for hospitalization and mortality of the COVID-19 infection. Diabetes was comorbidity in 22% of 32 non-survivors in a study of 52 intensive care patients. In another study of 173 patients with severe disease, 16.2% had diabetes, and in further study of 140 hospitalized patients, 12% had diabetes. When comparing intensive care and non-intensive care patients with COVID-19, there appears to be a twofold increase in the incidence of patients in intensive care having diabetes. Mortality seems to be about threefold higher in people with diabetes compared with the general mortality of COVID-19 in China.
The number of comorbidities is a predictor of mortality in COVID-19. In addition to diabetes, the other common comorbidities were hypertension, in about 20% of cases, cardiovascular disease (16%), and lung disease (6%). Indeed, people with diabetes are a high-risk group for severe disease. Notably, diabetes was also a risk factor for severe disease and mortality in the previous SARS, MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronavirus infections and the severe influenza A H1N1 pandemic in 2009.
ALSO READ Diabetes Research in Clinical Practice Diabetes Mellitus type 1 Diabetes mellitus type 2 Diabetic Disorders and Treatment Diabetes Advanced Technologies Gestational Diabetes Stem Cell treatment in Diabetes Diabetes Ophthalmology Endocrinology Diabetes Diseases Disorders Thyroid Disorders in Children, Teens and Adolescents Advances in Endocrinology Metabolism Treatment and Diagnosis of Endocrine Diseases Ketogenic Diet for Diabetes Case Reports and Others COVID-19 Impacts People with Diabetes
Hemochromatosis Conferences Glucagonoma Conferences Diabetes Conferences 2021 Diabetes Risk Factors Conferences Endocrinologists Conferences Diabetes Management Conferences Endocrinology Conferences Pediatric Endocrinology Conferences Type 2 Diabetes Conferences Endocrinology Conferences Europe Diabetes Mellitus Conferences Diabetic Retinopathy Conferences Endocrinology Conferences 2021 Metabolic Syndrome Conferences Obesity Conferences 2021